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Interview Q & A >> C++ >> Explain the scope resolution operator.

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Explain the scope resolution operator. (Views: 940)


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scope is an enclosing context where values and expressions are associated. The scope resolution operator helps to identify and specify the context to which an identifier refers. The specific uses vary across different programming languages with the notions of scoping.

The
scope resolution operator (denoted ::) in C++ is used to define the already declared member functions (in the header file with the .hpp or the .h extension) of a particular class. In the .cpp file one can define the usual global functions or the member functions of the class. To differentiate between the normal functions and the member functions of the class, one needs to use the scope resolution operator (::) in between the class name and the member function name i.e. ship::foo() where ship is a class and foo() is a member function of the class ship. The other uses of the resolution operator is to resolve the scope of a variable when the same identifier is used to represent a global variable, a local variable, and members of one or more class(es). If the resolution operator is placed between the class name and the data member belonging to the class then the data name belonging to the particular class is referenced. If the resolution operator is placed in front of the variable name then the global variable is referenced. When no resolution operator is placed then the local variable is referenced.

Submitted By: Scope Resolution operator | Created On: 2/21/2012 1:57:41 AM


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